Pronounced: row - ma, with a hard 'a', ie, 'mah' not 'mar'.
Area code: 06
Population: 2,724,347 inhabitants, Italy's most populated city
Size: 1,285 sq. km or approx 850 sq. miles
||Leonardo da Vinci (Fiumicino) for most scheduled flights; Ciampino for charters and low-cost flights. From airport: 30-45 minutes. Fiumicino has direct trains to Stazione Termini in central Rome, taking 30 minutes. No direct trains between Ciampino and the city centre; hourly buses run to Anagnina metro station.
||Rail terminus: Stazione Termini.
||Buses are cheap and reliable; four tram lines; the metro has two lines running from the suburbs to city centre; night buses (bus notturno).
||Booths at Fiumcino and Termini. Main tourist office at Via Parigi 5. Also information kiosks at: Spanish Steps (Largo Goldoni); San Giovanni (Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano); Via Nazionale (Palazzo delle Exposizioni); Piazza Navona (Piazza delle Cinque Lune); Castel Sant’Angelo (Piazza Pia); Forum (Piazza del Tempio della Pace); Trastevere (Piazza Sonnino); Santa Maria Maggiore (Via del’Olmata).
||UK: Via XX Settembre 80a, Tel: 800 877 790
USA: Via Veneto 119, Tel: 06 46 741
Germany: Via San Martino della Battaglia 4, Tel: 06 49213
Australia: Via Alessandria, 215, Tel: 06 85.27.21
Canada: Via G.B. De Rossi 27, Tel: 06 445981
France: P.za Farnese, 67, Tel: 06 68.60.11
Netherlands: Via M. Mercati, 8, Tel: 06 32.21.141
Spain: Lg. Fontanella Borghese, 19, Tel: 06 68.78.172
||Pharmacists (farmacia) are qualified to give advice on minor ailments and to dispense prescriptions. There will always be a 24-hour one 'on turn'. Dial 112 anywhere in the EU to reach the emergency services. Additional local numbers: Police 112, Ambulance113, Fire 115.
Hospital: Policlinico Ubert I, Via del Policlinico 155 Tel: 06 499 71
||Vatican, Roman Forum, Colosseum, Pantheon, Basilica di San Pietro and St Peter’s Square, Sistine Chapel, Piazza Navona, Capitoline Hill, Trastevere, Tarpeian Rock, Catacombs, Spanish Steps, Piazza di Spagna, Keats-Shelley Memorial House, Palazzo Venezia, Church of San Marco, Vittorio Emanuele Monument, Piazza Sant’Ignazio, Stadium of Domitian, Palazzo Altemps, Piazza Campo de’Fiori, Jewish Ghetto and Synagogue, Temple of Portunus, Temple of Hercules Victor, Arch of Janus, Ponte Rotto, Ponte Fabricio, River Tiber, Isola Tiberina, Capuchin Cemetery, Via Veneto, Trevi Fountain, Forum of Trajan, Palatine Hill, San Clemente, Esquiline Hill.
|MUSEUMS & GALLERIES
||Vatican Museums, Campidoglio and Capitoline Museums, Palazzo dei Conservatori, Galleria Doria Pamphili, Palazzo Barberini, Galleria Colonna, Time Elevator Roma, Galleria Borghese, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Museo Nationale di Villa Giulia.
||You'll find events listings in Romac’e magazine and Time Out Roma, both out on a Thursday.
|PLACES OF WORSHIP
Hundreds of churches of course, but following are also architecturally or historically very interesting: St Peter’s, Santa Maria Sopra Minerva, San Marco, Sant’Ivo, Sant’Andrea della Valle, San Bartolomeo, San Giovanni in Laterano.
Synagogue, (Campo de’ Fiori) Lungotevere Cenci.
Mosque, Viale della Moschea 85.
Greek Orthodox Church, Via di San Teodoro 7.
Russian Orthodox Church, Via Palestro 69.
Anglican and American Episcopalian All Saints (Ogni Santi), Via del Babuino 153/b (Spanish Steps)
Waldensian (reformed) and Methodist Churches, Via IV Novembre 107 (Colosseum)
Lutheran Evangelical Church, Via Sicilia 70 (Via Veneto)
Church of Scotland, Via XX Settembre 7 (Via Veneto)
Baptist Evangelical Church, Via Urbana 154 (Colosseum)
Church of Christ (Seventh-Day Adventist), Lungotevere Michaelangelo 7 (Prati)
|CUISINE & WHERE TO EAT
||Roman cuisine traditionally based on working class offal dishes, with influences from Jewish cooking. Spaghetti a favourite and traditional sauces include garlic and oil, pecorino and black pepper, carbonara, and vongole (clams). Thin-baked pizzas and artichokes also popular. Area around Via Cavour and Termini has good, cheap restaurants. San Lorenzo is a student area with good cheap restaurants and pizzerias. Testaccio has well-priced trattorias. Working class district of Trastevere good for traditional, cheap restaurants.
|BANKS / PAYMENT
||Banking hours are usually 0830-1330 and 1530-1930 Mon. to Fri. MasterCard; Visa and Diners Club are all widely accepted. ATM availability is very good.
||Numerous designer outlets, department stores and good street markets. Then there's possibly the most famous shopping street in the world - Via Veneto. Pick up a copy of Shopping in Rome by Brian Bell, published by Insight Shopping Guides.
|AVERAGE MIN/MAX TEMPERATURES
||January: 4 - 13°C
February: 5 - 14
March: 6 - 15
April: 7 - 18
May: 11 - 22
June: 14 - 25
July: 17 - 28
August: 18 - 28
September: 15 - 25
October: 11 - 22
November: 7 - 15
December: 3 - 15
|EVENTS & DATES
Carnavale: Street celebrations Sunday to Tuesday each year before Lent, Feb or March.
Festa di Santa Francesca Romana, 9 March: Roman drivers bring cars to church of Santa Francesca Romana to have them blessed by patron saint of motorists.
Palm Sunday celebrated by Pope, who says Mass in St Peter's Square.
Holy Week: Catholics from around world make pilgrimages to Rome to hear Pope give address.
Good Friday: procession of Cross from Colosseum to Capitoline Hill.
Easter Sunday: Papal blessing at St. Peter's.
Festa della Primavera (late April): Azaleas in terracotta on Spanish Steps.
International Horse Show at Piazza di Siena in Villa Borghese.
Rose Show at Via di Valle Murcia.
Antiques Fair in Via dei Coronari (lit by candles at night).
Festa della Repubblica (first Sunday)
Festa di San Giovanni, 24 June, meals of snails and suckling pigs.
Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, Rome’s patron Saints, 29 June Infiorata (last weekend in June) Flower festival.
RomEuropa Festival of Film, dance, theatre and concerts at the Villa Medici, late June to late July.
Tevere Expo, last two weeks of July; stalls along Tiber near Ponte Sant'Angelo display arts, crafts, food, wine, and folk music.
Festa delle Catene, August 1, at San Pietro in Vincoli. Chains of St Peter shown to faithful during prayer.
Festa della Madonna delle Neve, 5 August, at Santa Maria Maggiore. At Gloria in the Mass, flower petals fall on congregation in re-enactment of fourth century legend.
Torchlit street and craft fair in Via dell'Orso, 23 September to 7 October.
Castelli wine festivals (first Sunday of October).
Festa di Santa Cecilia, 22 November.
Festa dell'Immacolata Concezione, 8 December; religious services in Piazza di Spagna often attended by Pope.
Children’s Fair 12 December to 6 January.
Midnight Masses at Santa Maria Maggiore and Santa Maria in Aracoeli and Papal Mass at St. Peter’s, Christmas Eve.
Mid-morning Mass at St. Peter's, Christmas Day.
Te Deum outside Gesu in thanks for passing year, New Year’s Eve.
||When sending mail underline the destined country and write the person's surname in capitals.
Main Post Office: Piazza San Silvestro 19, Piazza di Spagna, Tel: 06/6798495.
|NEARBY PLACES TO VISIT:
||Tivoli, Viterbo, Ostia Antica, Tarquinia, Cerveteri, Lakes Vico and Bolsena. Coastal resorts of Anzio and Nettuno.